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Victorian - 1837-1901
Mid Victorian - 1860-1880
Late Victorian - 1880-1901

Periods & Motifs are brought to you by:Jarretts Jade Jewelry & Small Antiques

Overview:

Early Victorian - Use of Gothic and Renaissance Styling
Mid Victorian -   Ranged to the more massive pieces; Algerian and
Etruscan influences.
Late Victorian -  Delicacy emerged as did naturalism and love of
nature. Last decade known as the "Gay Nineties".

Historical Influences:

  • Rein of Queen Victoria
  • 1851 Crystal Palace Exhibition in London
  • 1853 Crystal Palace Exhibition in America
  • Invention of threaded post pierced earrings by Kreuuter 1873
  • First Department Store -Bon Marche Department store opening in Paris 1938 giving people more access to styles
  • Mail Order Catalogs begin
  • Civil War in America popularizing much of Victoria's mourning and black jewelry.

Designs and Decorations:

  • Bows
  • Serpents
  • Doves
  • Hearts
  • Crowns
  • Crosses
  • Angels
  • Monograms
  • Feathers
  • Knots
  • Arabesques
  • Hands
  • Grapes
  • Quatrefoil
  • Thistles
  • Wheat
  • Garlands
  • Stars
  • Arches
  • Arrows
  • Crescent Moons
  • Ribbons
  • Celtic Images
  • Eyes
  • Scrollwork
  • Tassels
  • Specifics:
    • Regard and Posy rings and brooches
    • Hair jewelry/mourning jewelry and fashions
    • Souvenir Jewelry - Mosaics from Italy
    • Archaeological Jewelry and reproductions
    • Etruscan revival designs
  • Egyptian revival designs
  • Algerian knot designs
  • Chatelaines, Albert chains, lorgnettes, coral pacifiers
  • Sweetheart badges popular during Civil War in America

Materials Used:

  • Silver during the daytime only
  • Pinchbeck
  • Multicolor
  • gold from 9 to 22 karat
  • gold gilt used in 1844 mercury gilding
  • diamonds
  • onyx
  • shell
  • glass
  • carnelian
  • amber
  • coral
  • garnets
  • enameling
  • pearls
  • peridot
  • ruby
  • sapphire
  • seed pearls
  • topaz
  • turquoise
  • bog oak
  • ivory
  • jet
  • micromosaid lava
  • Marcasite
  • Cut Steel
  • Tortoise Shell
  • Hair
  • French Jet (glass)
  • Bohemian glass
  • gutta percha
  • black pearls

Important Designers/Manufacturers:

  • House of Cartier established 1841
  • Fortunato Pio Castellani (1793-1865) popularized Etruscan revival
  • Froment-Meurice in France
  • Castellani Family in Italy
  • Giuliano in England
  • Bon Marche Department Store in Paris
  • John Wannamaker Department Store founded in Philadelphia 1861
  • Liberty and Company, Strawbridge and Clothier, Bloomingdales
  • Godey's Lady's book is on every table 1850
  • R. H. Macy founded in 1874, Sears Roebuck and Company in 1893
  • Bohemian garnets in pave and clusters were envogue and manufactured in huge quantities by artisans in Bohemia (later Czechloslavakia) for export.

 

Please Note:The information in this section may be provided by other parties, The Antique & Collectible Exchange,TACE.com, and World Intelligence Network, Inc, are not responsible for the accuracy of the information contained.